Title: Expanding Soy Bean Production and Marketing in Northern Mozambique (PROSOYA)
Funder: Norwegian Ministry of Foreign Affairs/Royal Norwegian Embassy Mozambique (NORAD)
Sector: Food Security and Agriculture
The Future of Agriculture in Mozambique
Northern Mozambique is dominated by small scale farmers who are disadvantaged by lack of access to inputs and poor knowledge of production and marketing. With funding from the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (NORAD), NCBA CLUSA is increasing incomes of small farmers by augmenting soy bean production and marketing in the Gurue district of Northern Mozambique through coordinated interventions along the entire soy bean value chain. 5,296 farmers have participated in the five year comprehensive project (started in 2009), 6,717 hectares of soy were planted and generated over $8 million in production value. NCBA CLUSA promotes producer organizations, land legalization, nutrition, and animal traction to improve soybean production and increase the use of soy in local diets. The project also runs an adult education program and encourages credit and savings groups to fully empower individuals. The adult education program has attracted approximately 3,700 producers, 60% of whom have been women.
Soy beans have emerged in Mozambique as a product with great cash crop potential. It is easy to handle, produces high yields, and is relatively unaffected by pests commonly found among other staple crops. Northern Mozambique is an area that has the ideal climate and soil for soy bean farming and has increased its production in the past several years.
Despite the fact that women perform 55% of the work in fields in Gurue district, men control 75% of the land. PROSOYA (or Exapanding Soy Bean Production and Marketing in Northen Mozambique) encourages women to participate and take on leadership positions in farmers’ associations. NCBA CLUSA works with literacy, advocacy, leadership and business management components, which women often lack access to. This ensures the full participation of women in soybean production. The project uses effective non-formal training methodologies such as demonstrations and farmer-to-farmer extension activities to train farmers and promotes the development of viable group businesses by linking them to markets and services. NCBA CLUSA also developed a comprehensive workplace policy on HIV/AIDS for the project and the farmer network.
Within the project, producer families are increasing their yields through the use of animal traction and mechanization. Thanks to NCBA CLUSA’s assistance, producers have had access to tractors and animal traction for the first time ever. 20% of the cultivated land was prepared with mechanical traction during the 2010 season and the project has trained and supplied teams of cows to 7 animal traction service providers. Mechanical threshers were also introduced, allowing increases in production for family farms.
To enhance the program’s comprehensive approach, producers are also educated on the benefits of what they are growing. The high nutritional quality of soya is promoted by the project to its own producers, encouraging consumption within the home. The project’s 10 female nutrition trainers organize groups to demonstrate and promote the production of soya bread, pap, milk, flour and cakes. 75% of the women attending the nutrition groups now routinely use soya in their families’ diets.
Soybeans Increasing Family Opportunity Mrs. Sandra Bina Impameia lives in the locality of Ruace, of the Gurue District and has a household of nine members. Before receiving support from NCBA CLUSA-PROSOYA, she produced 4 tons of corn in an area of 6 hectares and struggled to sustain her family. After switching to soybean production, Sandra produced 10 tons of soybeans in 6 hectares and still had 2.5 tons of corn in three hectares. With the amount obtained from her sale of soybeans, she bought a mill and a freezer that will increase her household income and support her children in obtaining a better education. She feels very happy with the technical support provided by NCBA CLUSA- PROSOYA and plans to produce in the 2011/12 campaign 24 tons of soybeans in 12 hectares and 1 ton of maize in 1 hectare.